When it comes to hot work tool steel, American Standard H13 steel is what flashes through our minds, which is indeed too popular.Similarly, SKD61 steel, a hot work tool steel belonging to the Japanese standard, is also quite practical in the Southeast Asian market.
Therefore, as a typical representative of hot work tool steel, where are their similarities and differences? Next, we will discuss in detail.
To see the essence through the phenomenon, first of all, we analyze from the most basic chemical composition.
|ASTM A681||H13||0.32-0.45||0.8-1.2||0.20-0.50||≤0.03||≤0.03||4.75-5.50||1.1-1.75||0.8-1.2 |
|JIS G4404||SKD61||0.35-0.42||0.8-1.2||0.25-0.5||≤0.03||≤0.02||4.8-5.5||1.0-1.5||0.8-1.15 |
From the above table, we can clearly feel that there is basically no obvious difference in chemical composition between H13 and SKD61, only minor adjustments of individual elements. Considering that in actual production, the chemical composition is smelted and controlled much higher than the lower limit, these slight differences can be ignored.Therefore, in similar applications, we can consider equivalent substitutions.
Whether H13 steel and SKD61 steel are forged or hot-rolled, they are generally delivered in an annealed condition.
According to our experience, after actual annealing, their hardness is usually lower than 200HBW, which meet the supply requirements.
As hot work tool steels, H13 and SKD61 need to work under high temperature and high pressure, which requires them to have excellent performance.As the most important process in heat treatment, quenching and tempering can greatly increase the hardness and strength of H13 and SKD61, and improve the useful life of the material.