Project Description

AISI 8620 steel Manufacturer and Exporter,supplied with round,square,flat,block,and shaft etc.AISI 8620 is defined as low carbon alloy steel which has 0.5% Cr, 0.2% Mo and 0.5% Ni as strengthening alloy elements.It is generally supplied as annealed condition with hardness HB255max.AISI 8620 has good wear resistant with case hardness HRC 60-63  when carburized, hardened and tempered.Compared with grades 8615 and 8617, it shows good core strength and toughness properties with a typical tensile strength range of 700-1100 MPa,in small to medium sized sections.
AISI 8620 is suited for applications which require a combination of toughness and wear resistance. it is commonly used in the engineering and automitive industries for toolholders and other such components.
Typical application:Arbors, pinions, bushes, camshafts, kingpins,ratchets, gears, splined shafts etc.

AISI 8620 round bar

1.Supply Form & Size & Tolerance

Supply FormSize(mm)ProcessTolerance

Φ6-Φ100Cold DrawnBright/Black Best H11


Hot Rolled
Peeled/ground Best H11


Hot Forged
Rough Turned-0/+3mm

Thickness :120-800
Hot Forged
Rough Machined-0/+3mm

Remark:Tolerance can be customized as per requests

2.Chemical Composition

ASTM A2986200.18-0.230.15-0.350.7-0.9≤ 0.035≤ 0.040.4-0.60.4-0.70.15-0.25

EN 10084

≤ 0.04


≤ 0.025

≤ 0.035



JIS G4103SNCM2200.17-0.230.15-0.350.6-0.9≤ 0.03≤ 0.030.4-0.650.4-0.70.15-0.3
BS 970805M200.17-0.230.1-0.40.6-0.95≤ 0.04≤ 0.050.35-0.650.35-0.750.15-0.25
GB 307720CrNiMoA0.17-0.230.17-0.370.6-0.95≤ 0.035≤ 0.0350.4-0.70.35-0.750.2-0.3

3.Physical Property

Density g/cm37.85
Melting point Deg F2600
Poisson's ratio0.27-0.30
Machinability (AISI 1212 as 100% machinability)65%
Thermal expansion (20 ºC)(ºC ˉ ¹)12.2*10^-6
Specific heat capacity J/(kg*K)477
Thermal conductivity W/(m*K) 46.6
Electric resistivity Ohm*m2.34*10^-7

4. Mechanical Property

Typical Mechanical Properties For Core – Carburised and Oil Quenched at 840  °C

Section Size 11mm30mm63mm
Tensile Strength Mpa 980-1270780-1080690-930
Yield Strength Mpa ≥785≥590≥490
Elongation %≥9≥10≥11
Charpy Impact J ≥41≥41≥41
Hardness HB 290-375235-320205-275
Hardness HRC 31-4123-3516-29

5.Hardenability Limits

Distance from quenched end mm1.535791113152025303540
HRC Min4137312521
HRC Max48474339353230292624232323

Hardness values under 20HRC  is not specified.


Forging temperature should be carried out between 925℃-1230℃,AISI 8620 has low carbon content  which is  less susceptible to cracking than medium or high carbon steels,so  it may be heated and cooled more rapidly.Soaking time at forging temperature should be as short as possible to avoid heavy scaling and excessive grain growth.The lower the forging-ending temperature ,the finer the grain size .Don’t forge below minimum forging temperature 850°C.This alloy should be cooled in sand.


Normalizing is used to refine the structure of forgings that might have cooled non-uniformly after forged,and considered as a conditioning treatment before case hardening.Normalizing temperature for AISI 8620 steel should be carried out between 900℃-925℃. hold suitable time for the steel to be thoroughly heated to complete the ferrite to austenite transformation.Cool in still air.This treatment is considered as another method of improving machinability.


Full annealing is recommended  for AISI 8620 before machining, AISI 8620  should be carried our at a nominal temperature of 820℃-850℃,hold suitable time for the steel to be thoroughly heated, then furnace cooling.

9.Case Hardening

Following core refining, Heat the temperature to 780oC – 820oC, hold suitable time for the steel to be thoroughly heated, and quench in oil.Temper as soon as possible after quenched.


Tempering is usually carried out to relieve stresses from the hardening process,it will improve the toughness of both case and core, with only a little reduction in core strength and case hardness.Heat the AISI 8620 steel to 150oC – 200oC as required, hold enough time until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 1 – 2 hours per 25 mm of section, and cool in still air.


Pack, salt or gas carburize at temperature  900oC – 925oC, holding enough  time to obtain the required case depth and carbon content, followed by a suitable hardening and tempering cycle to optimise case and core properties.

12.Certificate & Third-party Testing

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